Useful Information

Joburg weather in April

Autumn (fall) in South Africa (mid-February to April) offers in some ways the best weather. Very little rain falls over the whole country, and it is warm but not too hot, getting colder as the season progresses.

Weather in Johannesburg in April


Average Minimum Temperatures in Johannesburg, South Africa


Average Maximum Temperature in Johannesburg, South Africa


Johannesburg Average Temperature


Average Number of Days with Frost


Average Precipitation/ Rainfall


Wet Days (>0.1 mm)


Average Sunlight Hours/ Day


Relative Humidity


Average Wind Speed in Johannesburg (Beaufort)


Passports and Visas

Every visitor to South Africa must have a valid passport. Passport holders from more than 80 countries, including USA, Canada, UK, Japan and the EU can visit South Africa without a visa. Information regarding visas can be obtained from your travel agent or the South African diplomatic or consular representative in your area. Passports should have at least 2 completely empty pages otherwise entry may be denied. Passports must be valid for at least 6 months after your intended date of departure. Delegates requiring visas, and who intend taking tours to neighbouring Southern African countries, are advised to secure a multiple entry visa. Tourists must satisfy immigration officers that they have the means of support for the duration of their stay in the country and return /onward tickets. Visas cannot be obtained on arrival.

If required, upon request, the conference Secretariat is willing to send you a letter of invitation. It should be understood that this letter will be sent only to help participants to raise travel funds or to obtain a visa. A letter of invitation is not a commitment on the part of the organisers to provide any financial support. Please note that only registered delegates who have paid their conference registration fees will be issued with a letter of invitation.

Check to see if you need a visa to enter South Africa.

Below is a very useful website for checking visa requirements for different nationalities.
Visa Requirements for Different Nationalities


Position, size and provinces

The Republic of South Africa is situated at the tip of the African continent. It covers an area of 1, 219 912 sq km - approximately one eighth the size of the United States of America and nearly five times the size of the United Kingdom.
South Africa is divided into nine provinces, namely: Gauteng, Limpopo, North-West, Mpumalanga, Orange Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape.

Major Cities and Towns

Johannesburg is the financial, industrial and cultural centre of South Africa. Cape Town and Durban are widely considered the entertainment capitals of South Africa - they are often referred to as 'holiday playgrounds'. Pietermaritzburg, Grahamstown, Graaff-Reinet, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley and Stellenbosch are particularly noteworthy from a historical and cultural point of view.


In general, a perennially sunny climate makes it a pleasure to visit South Africa all year round. Midwinter occurs in June and July and midsummer in December and January. The climate ranges from Mediterranean in the Cape Peninsula to subtropical on the KwaZulu-Natal coast and in the North-Eastern Transvaal, while temperate conditions prevail inland.

Population and Language

The population numbers some 49 000 ;000. South Africa has eleven official languages. English, however, is generally spoken throughout the country. French, Italian and German are spoken by staff in some of the larger hotels, restaurants and stores.


The national carrier, South African Airways, together with many international air and shipping lines link South Africa with the rest of the world.

International Airports

South Africa has three international airports: OR Tambo International Airport, Durban International Airport and Cape Town International Airport.

Facilities for the Disabled

South African Airways provides passenger aid units at all major airports while many hotels offer facilities for the disabled. Wheelchairs and other aids can be hired in most cities.

Communication Services

A direct dialling service connects all centres. The international telephone service links South Africa with countries around the world. Three GSM cellular networks cater for the widespread use of cellular phones, which are available for hire on arrival at major airports.

Medical Services

South Africa does not have a national health scheme. The patient is individually responsible for settling accounts for medical treatment and hospitalisation. Travel insurance covering accidents, illness or hospitalisation during your stay is strongly recommended. Doctors are listed under 'Medical Practitioners' in local telephone directories.


City power systems are 220/230 volts AC. Adapters for electric shavers and hair dryers are available locally.

Radio and Television

The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) broadcasts 22 radio programme services in 11 languages, and three television services in seven languages (including English). Programmes include news, actuality, interviews, sport, documentaries and movies. The M-Net cable and Digital Satellite Television (DSTV) networks broadcast mainly in English and focus on entertainment, international news (CNN, BBC) and sport.

Newspapers and Magazines

Hundreds of periodicals and journals are published in South Africa. Daily newspapers are published in all major cities.


The South African currency unit is the Rand, denoted by the symbol R. R1 = 100 cents. Most businesses, tour operators, airlines and hotels accept international credit cards, including Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Diners Club cards. Travellers cheques in all major currencies can be exchanged in all banks. Many hotels, stores, restaurants etc. accept travellers cheques.

VAT (Value Added Tax)

Value Added Tax, currently at 14%, is included in the marked/quoted price of most goods and services.
International tourists may claim refunds of VAT paid on goods which they take out of South Africa. Information leaflets on VAT Refund procedures are available from VAT Refund Administration offices at Johannesburg International Airport, Durban International Airport and Cape Town International Airport.


A 10% assessment usually applies, depending on the standard of service provided. Restaurants do not include the tip in the bill. The suggested tip for porters is between R1.00 and R2.00 per piece of luggage. The currency exchange rate is in your favour! In addition to shopping bargains, an upmarket hotel will generally cost you less than the tariff charged by similar establishments elsewhere. The same applies for fine cuisine and wine, entertainment and transport.

Time Differences

Throughout the year, Standard Time in South Africa is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, one hour ahead of Central European Winter Time, and seven hours ahead of Eastern Standard Winter Time, USA.

What to pack

Dress is generally casual, especially at holiday resorts and game reserves. Beachwear, however, is not acceptable in restaurants. During winter, warm clothing is necessary, although daytime temperatures are generally mild. Don't forget to pack your camera and binoculars for game viewing.

Drinking water

Tap water is purified and safe to drink.

Entry and Accessibility Requirements

As for all international travel, visitors to South Africa must be in possession of a valid passport. Travellers from certain countries also require visas.

Finance and banking

The South African unit of currency is the Rand (R), which is divided into 100 cents.
The coin denominations are; 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, R1, R2 and R5. The notes are R10.00, R 20.00, R 50.00, R 100.00 and R 200.00.

For further information on South Africa please visit the following sites:
South African Tourism


Johannesburg is an extraordinary city, born just over 120 years ago with the discovery of gold and since then it always has been a city of commerce and opportunity.
Even today Joburg continues to attract those looking for opportunity - it's a city populated by people who have come to realise their dreams.

The area of Johannesburg began on a vast undulating grassy plain, interspersed with ridges and kopjes (small hills)in an area known as the Witwatersrand; named after the white water springs that coursed the land. Beneath that rough but serene country was gold.
Until George Harrison, an Australian prospector, came pioneering, the mineral wealth of the Witwatersrand lay undiscovered. In 1886, after George had sold his gold claim for just £10, Johannesburg was born. He could not have envisaged the significant world history that would unfold here in the province of Gauteng, place of gold.
Since then, the city has grown and become the largest and most populous city in South Africa, and the largest city in the world not built on or near a major water source. It is home to Africa's tallest building, a large CBD and many smaller urban centres. The road infrastructure, telecommunications, health care, shopping, visitor attractions, dining and nightlife are world class.
Joburg is lucky to have one of the world's most pleasant climates, what is called a subtropical highland climate. The city enjoys a dry, sunny climate, with the exception of short late-afternoon downpours in the summer months of October to April, often accompanied by magnificent electric storms.
Temperatures are fairly mild due to the city's high altitude, with the average maximum daytime temperature in January of 26°C (79°F), dropping to an average winter maximum of 16°C (61°F) in June. Winter is, perhaps surprisingly, the sunniest time of the year, with mild days but chilly nights.
Magnificent trees have grown on what was grassland, creating the world's largest urban forest with more than six million trees, and abundant birdlife.
Like most of South Africa, Joburg is malaria-free so no precautions are necessary when visiting. The tap water is one of the cleanest in the world and is safe to drink. Should you be concerned, bottled water is readily available throughout the city.


Johannesburg has become an internationally-renowned vibrant metropolis, with 3.5 million inhabitants.
It is the most powerful commercial centre on the African continent.
Johannesburg generates 16% of South Africa's GDP and employs 12% of the national workforce.
Its infrastructure matches leading first world cities, yet the cost of living is far lower.
The city is recognized as the financial capital of South Africa and is home to 74% of Corporate Headquarters.
South Africa's only stock exchange, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE) rates as one of the top 20 exchanges in the world in terms of market capitalization.
The city's profusion of trees - approximately six million, make it the largest, man-made forest in the world.
Climate - temperate neither humid nor too hot for comfort, year-round sunshine and daily ;
Clear blue skies. Winters are short and mild.
Medical care - is first-world, sophisticated and dependable.
Johannesburg has become a destination of choice for business to an outstanding reputation for quality and affordability.
;AFTER modest beginnings as a mining town, Johannesburg has become recognised as a major world city and the economic capital of both South and sub-Saharan Africa.
The greater Johannesburg metropolis covers an area of 2 300km2, making it larger than Sydney, London or New York, and similar in size to Los Angeles.
Johannesburg is home to some 3.8 million people, the majority of whom are aged between 19 and 39.
The economy of Johannesburg today reflects successive waves of development and decline, which have seen the city move away from mining and industry towards an economy fundamentally based on services and trade, along with high-value manufacturing in line with global trends.

Employment by sector

Financial and business services: 22%
Manufacturing: 20%
Trade: 19%
Community and social services: 18%
Construction: 8%
Transport and communications: 6%
Public administration: 5%

Joburg by numbers

Founded in 1886 - Johannesburg is one of the world's youngest major cities.
Within a century, the city has been rebuilt four times: ;from a tented camp, it evolved into a town of tin shanties, followed by four-storey Edwardian brick buildings, before morphing into a ;city of modern skyscrapers.
Johannesburg houses the tallest office block in Africa, the Carlton Centre (50 storeys) and the tallest tower, the Hillbrow Tower (270m, or 90 storeys).
Johannesburg is nicknamed "Egoli", which means "place of gold". Forty percent of the world's gold has been found in the Witwatersrand, the reef on which the city was built.
The altitude is 2 000m above sea level. Because Johannesburg's air is thinner than that at the coast, eggs take an extra minute to boil at this altitude.
There are 10 million trees in Johannesburg.
The city enjoys an average of 12 hours of sunlight a day.
Forty percent of the population is under the age of 24.
There are 180 000 street lights.
There are 1 780 traffic lights.
There are 35 cemeteries, which cover 626ha.
Johannesburg has 7 519km of roads.
There are 550 buses, which operate on 80 routes and transport about 20-million passengers each year.
There are 100 water towers and reservoirs.
There are 8 000km of water pipes.
There are 8 149km of sewerage pipes.
The city has two active power stations, capable of generating 600mw (megawatts).
The average travel time for commuters is 72 minutes.
There are 17 nature reserves in the city.
There are 12 river systems that run throughout the city.
An amazing 40% of all the world's human ancestor fossils have been found in areas close to Johannesburg.
Johannesburg has about 150 heritage sites, half of which are national monuments.
Johannesburg houses the only two polar bears in Africa, at the Johannesburg Zoo.
There are 63ha of bird sanctuaries in and around Johannesburg.
There are 1 000ha of green space in and around Johannesburg. The Botanical Gardens in Emmarentia are 81ha.
There are 106 dams.
There are 394 public sports facilities.
There are 98 public recreation centres.
There are 59 public swimming pools.
There are 126 community health clinics and 10 environmental health clinics.
The city collects 1,8-million tons of garbage each year. Of this, 244 200 tons is in the form of illegal dumping, and 1 779 tons is litter from the streets.
Ninety percent of the city's people have to walk less than 1km to access their modes of transport.

For further information on Johannesburg please visit the following sites:
Joburg Tourism:


Early bird registration closes:
15 December 2011

Submission of abstracts deadline:
30 November 2011

Standard Registration closes:
15 February 2012

Submission of full text papers deadline:
31 March 2012

Late registration:
31 March 2012